Tuesday, August 4, 2009

13 de agosto 2009 Palacio del Segundo Cabo " Mao Zedong "

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"Mao" redirects here. For other uses, see Mao (disambiguation).
Mao Zedong (Tse-tung)

1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China
In office
1943 – 1975
Preceded by Zhang Wentian
(as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China)
Succeeded by Hua Guofeng
1st President of the People's Republic of China
In office
27 September 1954 – April 1959
Preceded by Position Created
Succeeded by Liu Shaoqi
1st Chairman of the Central Military Commission
In office
1943 – 1976
Preceded by Position Created
Succeeded by Hua Guofeng
1st Chairman of the CPPCC
In office
1 October 1949 – 1954
Preceded by Position Created
Succeeded by Zhou Enlai
Born 26 December 1893
Shaoshan, Hunan, Qing Dynasty
Died 9 September 1976 (aged 82)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Nationality Chinese
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s) Yang Kaihui (1920–1930)
He Zizhen (1930–1937)
Jiang Qing (1939–1976)
Mao Zedong (Simplified Chinese: 毛泽东; Traditional Chinese: 毛澤東; Wade-Giles: Mao Tse-tung; Pinyin: Máo Zédōng) pronunciation (help·info) (26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976) was a Chinese Communist leader. Mao led the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Chairman Mao has been regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history,[1] and named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.[2] He is officially held in high regard in China where he is known as a great revolutionary, political strategist, and military mastermind who defeated Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War, and then through his policies transformed the country into a major world power. Additionally, Mao is viewed by many in China as a poet, philosopher, and visionary.[3] However, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day, with a contentious and ever-evolving legacy. Critics blame many of Mao's socio-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, for causing severe damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations of China. Mao's policies and political purges in the first decades of the PRC are widely attributed to the deaths of between 40 to 70 million people.[4][5] Like Stalin, Mao developed a personality cult, and a number of the Chinese people regard Mao as the savior of the nation, who laid the military, political, economical, technological and cultural foundations of modern China. Some in China regard Mao as a deity [6]
Contents [hide]
1 Early life
2 Political ideas
3 War
4 Leadership of China
4.1 Great Leap Forward
4.2 Cultural Revolution
5 Final days and Mao's death
6 Cult of Mao
7 Legacy
8 Genealogy
9 Personal life
10 Writings and calligraphy
10.1 Literary figure
11 See also
12 References
13 Internet video
14 Further reading
15 External links
16 Annotated Writings

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