Saturday, March 6, 2010
Martin Cooper Primer Celular en el Mundo. Marzo 6 1983
Martin Cooper is invited to join COMPUTEX Taipei 2007 e21 Forum.
Martin Marty Cooper (born December 26, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) was the lead engineer of the Motorola team that developed the handheld mobile phone (as distinct from the car phone). Cooper is the CEO and founder of ArrayComm, a company that works on researching smart antenna technology and improving wireless networks, and was the corporate director of Research and Development for Motorola.
Martin Cooper grew up in Chicago during the Great Depression. His parents were Ukrainian immigrants. He received his undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering in 1950.from the Illinois Institute of Technology.
Cooper joined the Reserve Officers Training Corps and served on a US Navy destroyer during the Korean War and later on a submarine stationed in Hawaii.
After the war, Cooper left the navy and began working at Teletype, a subsidiary of Western Electric. In 1954, he moved to Motorola. While working there he attended classes and studied at night. By 1957, he had earned his Master's Degree in electrical engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology.
In the 1960s he was instrumental in turning paging from a technology used in single buildings to one that stretched across cities. Cooper helped fix a flaw in the crystals Motorola made for its radios. This encouraged the company to mass-produce the first quartz crystals for use in watches.
In 1960, John F. Mitchell became chief engineer of Motorola's portable communications projects. In the early 1970s, Mitchell put Cooper in charge of its car phone division. Mitchell and Cooper envisioned a product that did not merely reside in a car. Instead it had to be small and light enough to be portable. It took 90 days in 1972 to create the first prototype.
World's first handheld phone call in public
Cooper and the engineers who worked for him, and Mitchell are named on the patent "Radio telephone system" filed on October 17, 1973. Cooper is considered the inventor of the first handheld cellular phone and the first person to make a call on a handheld cell phone prototype on April 3, 1973, in front of reporters and passers-by on a New York City street. That first call, placed to Dr. Joel S. Engel, head of research at Bell Labs, began a fundamental technology and communications market shift toward making phone calls to a person instead of to a place. It was the product of his vision for personal wireless handheld telephone communications, distinct from mobile car phones. Cooper later revealed that watching Captain Kirk using his communicator on the television show Star Trek inspired him to develop the handheld mobile phone.  
Commercializing the product
The original Motorola DynaTAC handset, weighed 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) and had 35 minutes of talk time. By 1983 and after four iterations, Cooper’s team had reduced the handset’s weight by half. The list price was around $4,000 (2009: $8,600). Cooper left Motorola before they started selling handheld mobile phones to consumers.
Cellular Business Systems
Cooper started a company with partners to provide billing systems for cellular operators. In 1986, they sold the company to Cincinnati Bell for $23m.
In 1992, Cooper joined with Richard Roy, a researcher at Stanford University, to form ArrayComm. This company started off specializing in the creation of more efficient cellular communication. While leading this company, Cooper coined Cooper's Law. This law states that every 30 months the amount of information that can be transmitted over a given amount of radio spectrum doubles. He states that this law has held true since 1897 when Marconi first patented the wireless telegraph.
In 2006, Cooper co-founded Jitterbug Wireless, a U.S. mobile virtual wireless operator (piggybacking on the Verizon network). The company provides mobile telephone service carried on its own brand of handsets, which are marketed specifically to the elderly. The handsets feature larger buttons than those on many other phones, louder speakers, a simplified yes/no menu system, and they actually mimic the sound of a dial tone when flipped open. The service also provides 24-hour access to live customer support staff (called "Operators") who synthesize the experience that was once offered in placing calls through a local, land-based telephone exchange. The staff greet customers by name, and will connect calls and manipulate other functions of the handset (such as a calendar application, or accessing a weather forecast) on the user's behalf. For an additional monthly charge, users can also have 24-hour access to medical advice provided by registered nurses.
Jitterbug has received a number of industry awards, including the New York Times Top 10 Brilliant Ideas of 2006, Andrew Seybold’s 2007 Choice Wireless Technology Award for “Best New Company” in the cell phone industry, as well as a 2007 selection for the Reader’s Digest: America’s 100 Best.
Awards and affiliations
In 1995, Cooper received the Wharton Infosys Business Transformation Award for his technological innovations in the communication field. Cooper is also a member of Mensa. Martin Cooper was mentioned in Red Herring’s Top ten Entrepreneurs of 2000. In 2009, he along with Raymond Tomlinson was awarded the Prince of Asturias award for scientific and technical research.